In a current examine printed within the Journal Vitamins, researchers decided the impact(s) of consuming 100% orange juice in comparison with an orange-flavored sucrose-sweetened beverage (SSB) on feelings, bodily well-being, and sensory traits in normal-weight adults. To this finish, they used paper-based 100 mm line visible analog scale (VAS) questionnaires.
Moreover, they evaluated the impact of those two check drinks on their subjective urge for food utilizing a motivation-to-eat VAS and sensory traits utilizing VAS questionnaires targeted on pleasantness and sweetness.
Examine: Impact of 100% Orange Juice and a Quantity-Matched Sugar-Sweetened Drink on Subjective Urge for food, Meals Consumption, and Glycemic Response in Adults. Picture Credit score: Photoongraphy/Shutterstock.com
The World Well being Group recommends lowering the every day consumption of free sugars to ≤10% of complete every day power consumption (EI) to alleviate the danger of weight problems and dental caries.
This advice is predicated solely on information from observational research and doesn’t account for the physiological mechanisms governing these results.
The supply of free sugars possible mediates the affiliation of sugar consumption with physique weight and metabolic danger; moreover, their dose and meal timing decide how sugars suppress meals consumption (FI) in adults.
100% fruit juices are nutrient-dense alternate options to complete fruits containing pure sugars, fiber, micronutrients, and bioactive compounds.
But, on account of considerations that top EI by free sugars contribute to weight problems, their consumption has decreased significantly.
Furthermore, barely a number of experimental research have in contrast the consequences of various sources of sugars (e.g., 100% orange juice and SSB) or explored the potential underlying mechanisms of their respective impact(s) on parameters, equivalent to FI.
Extra experimental proof is warranted to grasp their physiological results and inform future dietary steering.
Concerning the examine
Within the current examine, researchers recruited adults aged 18-45 years with physique mass index (BMI) between 18.5-24.9 kg/m2 who had been prepared to eat the examine interventions (meals and drinks).
After preliminary screening by a telephonic interview, they attended the ultimate screening session, the place they supplied their written knowledgeable consent.
The researchers additionally obtained their anthropometric measurements (e.g., peak, physique weight) and decided fats and fat-free mass. Lastly, all eligible members accomplished three check periods.
The researchers assessed the FI of all of the members after an advert libitum pizza lunch, which comprised water and a contemporary tray of pizza each 10 minutes for half-hour, and so they needed to eat till they had been full.
The staff weighed and recorded any leftover pizza, which helped them calculate the quantity of pizza consumed by every participant.
The calorie content material of three pizza choices, cheese, pepperoni, and deluxe, had been 260 kcal, 250 kcal, and 240 kcal, respectively.
Collectively, this information helped analyze every participant’s calorie consumption; moreover, they calculated their caloric compensation by evaluating the caloric consumption after totally different preloads.
Additional, the staff recorded every participant’s water consumption earlier than and after the advert libitum lunch.
Apart from, the staff additionally estimated their rest-of-day EI, macronutrient consumption, and bodily exercise power expenditure after every check session.
Moreover, the researchers measured every participant’s glycemic response for the remainder of the day, each 5 minutes for 11 hours, which suggests they analyzed eleven-time factors for every participant.
Statistical analyses encompassed repeated-measures evaluation of variance (ANOVA) and one-factor repeated-measures ANOVA.
All 36 adults who accomplished the examine consumed all remedy drinks; nonetheless, solely 34 (17 males, 17 females) and 31 (15 males, 16 females) members accomplished post-prandial blood glucose measurements for 60 min and rest-of-day blood glucose measurements, respectively. The common age of the examine members was 26.8 ± 0.9 years.
In comparison with the orange drink, 100% orange juice suppressed post-lunch and cumulative FI and complete EI over at some point, with a discount after 100% orange juice consumption amounting to ~420 kcal.
The glycemic response over 60 minutes was increased after 100% orange juice and orange drink consumption than the water (management); nonetheless, it was decrease when corrected for grams of accessible carbohydrates.
Earlier research have instructed polyphenols can affect carbohydrate digestion and absorption within the intestine by inhibiting digestive enzymes, e.g., alpha-amylase, attenuating the glycemic response, and 100% orange juice has excessive polyphenols content material.
One other vital remark was that the supply and composition of the beverage and the time to the following meal decide short-term FI regulation.
Thus, 100% orange juice and water consumption resulted in decrease lunch and cumulative FI.
Caloric compensation was almost full after 100% orange juice consumption in comparison with overconsumption after the orange drink (84% vs. −24.7%).
Findings from earlier research assessing the consequences of sugar on weight problems are inconsistent. Some research recommend that sweetness possible will increase urge for food by stimulating intestine style receptors, whereas others have discovered no impact of sweetness on FI.
Nonetheless, it’s a frequent notion that extra sugar consumption results in weight problems, possible by elevating EI and stimulating FI.
Within the current examine, the authors discovered a optimistic affiliation between the subjective sweetness of the orange drink and lunch FI; nonetheless, the case was not the identical with water or 100% orange juice consumption.
Some complicated interactions possible have an effect on FI, and whereas sweetness might not be its main determinant, it definitely contributed to various observations post-study therapies.
To conclude, the examine findings evidenced that ingesting 100% orange juice is likely to be useful; it suppresses FI and even protects towards weight problems.
Additional, its consumption resulted in increased caloric compensation, decrease complete EI over a day, and lowered blood glucose ranges.
The examine, thus, highlights the importance of evaluations of the consequences of various sugar-containing drinks.
Future research ought to consider the robustness of those findings. They might embody older adults, youngsters, and adolescents, who may reply otherwise to those drinks.
Robayo, S., Kucab, M., Walker, S. E., Suitor, Ok., Morello, O., & Bellissimo, N. (2023). Impact of 100% Orange Juice and a Quantity-Matched Sugar-Sweetened Drink on Subjective Urge for food, Meals Consumption, and Glycemic Response in Adults. Vitamins, 16(2), 242. doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/nu16020242. https://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/16/2/242